As the entire car industry moves towards an electrified landscape – but on very different timetables – we look at what manufacturers have pledged on the route to the UK’s fossil-free fuel future
While the UK is on a clear path to the 2030 deadline for ending sales of petrol and diesel models, and 2035 for hybrids, the rest of the world has a range of plans and deadlines, which makes it tough for car manufacturers to set a transition timetable. As a result the major brands are on different trajectories to electrification. We take a look at what the major fleet brands have said about their powertrain plans over the next few years.
Audi has been very clear that its last ever new internal-combustion model will be launched in 2026, although production of ICE vehicles will continue until as late as 2033, depending on when the final vehicle ends its life cycle.
The brand will have 20 electric vehicles and 10 plug-in hybrids by 2025, and at the same point every Audi factory will be CO2-neutral, on the way to the company becoming fully CO2-neutral by 2050.
The premium German brand will have one million electric or PHEV vehicles on the road by the end of this year, and it is targeting EVs to hit 25% of its sales by 2025 and 50% by 2030 on the way to 10 million full EVs over the next decade.
It has also revealed that it plans to lift the rate of recycled and reusable materials in car production from 30% to 50%.
Every Citroen will have an electrified version by 2025, with the e-C4, e-SpaceTourer and forthcoming Ami quadricycle leading the way on full EV. The C5 Aircross and, later this year, the new C5 X have plug-in powertrains.
The Italian brand has only so far stated that between 2025 and 2030, the product line-up will gradually become electric-only, which is a process that kicked off earlier this year with the arrival of the new 500e model.
Ford has some big plans, pledging that its entire passenger vehicle range in Europe will be zero-emissions capable by mid-2026, which means there will be an EV or PHEV on each model line, while the same is true of the LCV line-up by 2024. The car line-up will move to be all electric by 2030, and the brand expects that at that point, two-thirds of its European LCV sales will be EV or PHEV. Ford is also making a $1bn (£739m) investment in a new Electrification Centre in Cologne.
All the brand’s models will feature what it describes as “electrified” powertrains by 2022, although in the majority of cases that means hybrid rather than plug-in power. However, there will be a second as-yet-unannounced electric vehicle coming in the next couple of years.
The Korean brand has pledged to end the sale of combustion-engined vehicles in Europe in 2035 on the way to becoming a carbon-neutral company by 2045.
By 2030, the global goal is 30% zero emissions, a number that will be higher in Europe, and Hyundai is also a leader in hydrogen fuel cell technology, recently setting out its “vision to popularise hydrogen by 2040”. It will roll out the next generation of its fuel cell system in 2023, which it claims will cut costs by 50% and double power output.
Jaguar will become an all-electric brand from 2025, while Land Rover is scheduled to launch six electric vehicles over the next five years, the first in 2024.
All Jaguar and Land Rover nameplates will offer a pure-electric version by the end of the decade, and the company is
also working on hydrogen development “in preparation for future demand”.
The Korean brand has confirmed 11 electric vehicles, including seven dedicated electric-only models by 2026, and has announced a Plan S strategy underpinned by three pillars of advancing electric vehicle transition, strengthening its Purpose-Built Vehicle business based on a dedicated ‘skateboard’ platform that can be adjusted to individual market needs, and expanding its future mobility services. Combined, worldwide EV, PHEV and hybrid sales will total one million by 2026, and will be up to 1.6m annually by 2030.
Having launched its first EV in the UK earlier this year in the form of the MX-30, Mazda has stated that it will introduce five hybrid, five plug-in hybrid and three electric models between 2022 and 2025, although these may not all be sold in every worldwide market. Further ahead, Mazda is developing a new dedicated EV platform that will be used for varying sizes of EV between 2025 and 2030. By the end of this decade, Mazda expects a quarter of its sales to be full EV and all other models electrified in some form.
The electric product line-up will include three-door hatchback, and crossover and compact crossovers, while Mini will go purely electric around the beginning of the next decade.
By March 2024, Nissan expects 75% of its sales to be electrified vehicles, but that includes mild-hybrid tech as well as full EV and the e-Power hybrid system. The brand has no plans to deploy PHEV, with the Leaf being joined by the Ariya crossover and Townstar LCV next year, plus another EV crossover in the future.
The French manufacturer will offer an electrified version of each of its model lines by 2024, and every light commercial will be available with full electric power by the end of this year. A full electric 308 will be launched in 2024, to add to the e-208, e-2008, e-Rifter and e-Traveller passenger cars, while a PHEV version of the new 308 will join 3008 and 508 PHEVs.
The Renault Group is targeting a 65% electrified sales mix by 2025, with up to 90% electrified by 2030. It has announced plans for 10 new electric vehicles, including an electric Megane next year and a resurrected Renault 5, this time as an EV. Other targets include reductions in the cost per electric vehicle, thanks to tech improvements, and a new EV ‘ecosystem’ to be developed in northern France.
Cupra is going to be the Spanish brand’s EV focus initially, while Seat focuses on hybridisation and making internal-combustion engines as efficient as possible, as well as mobility solutions. Cupra will be fully electric by 2030, with the Tavascan and UrbanRebel EVs due in 2024 and 2025 respectively.
After the arrival of the Enyaq this year, Skoda has confirmed at least three more all-electric models that will help it achieve a 70% EV share of its sales by the end of the decade. That shift will be a crucial part of a goal of reducing 2020 fleet emissions by more than 50% by 2030.
Toyota has pioneered ‘self-charging’ hybrid powertrains, and by 2025 will have more than 70 electrified vehicles in its portfolio, including EVs and PHEVs as well as hybrid. In Europe, that breaks down as more than 70% hybrid, over 10% PHEV and in excess of 10% zero-emission, across EV and hydrogen fuel cell. The company is aiming to be at zero emission for vehicles and production operations in 30 years.
Announced this summer, Vauxhall will only sell electric vehicles from 2028 in what was the first firm full EV announcement from parent company Stellantis. Electrified Vauxhalls will be available across the line-up by 2024, while all three of its van models will offer electric versions by the end of this year, and a hydrogen van is also under development
The brand has confirmed that its last combustion-driven platform will be developed in 2026, after which only EVs will be engineered. By 2030, 70% of the company’s sales will be electric, a target that doubled from the previously stated 35%, and is part of its goal of becoming “the most coveted brand for sustainable mobility”. By 2030, 70% of European sales and half of those in North America and China will be full electric. The company will invest a claimed €14bn (£12.1bn) in decarbonisation measures across products, supply chain and production, green energy and recycling of batteries.
Often the environmental pioneer in recent years, Volvo has declared that it will be fully electric globally by 2030, and on the way there, by 2025 the goal is to be 50:50 full electric and plug-in hybrid.