Two BMWs – the 1-series and 3-series – have achieved maximum five-star ratings in the latest round of Euro NCAP crash-tests.

The car-testing group said the third-generation 1-series “continues BMW’s recent string of safety successes”, however, it said its adult occupant protection “would have been higher were it not for its front seat narrowly missing a ‘good’ rating for Whiplash protection” and added the full marks the car got for its AEB City performance were not included in the adult occupant protection score as a result.

The seventh-generation 3-series scored the best safety performance of any large family car tested by Euro NCAP against the 2018/2019 protocols, it added.

BMW 1 series - frontal offset impact test Oct 19

Euro NCAP secretary general, Michiel van Ratingen, said: “It’s good to see the premium brands, from Germany and elsewhere, maintaining the very high standards they have set for themselves and continuing to achieve five-star ratings. I’m sure that BMW’s customers can be confident that the company will continue to strive for the highest standards of safety, even as our protocols get tougher and tougher.”

Elsewhere, the Peugeot 208 scored four-stars – dropping a star compared with the previous generation model – and Euro NCAP said the new model meets all five-star requirements in all areas except the protection of vulnerable road users.

The final car to be tested, the Jeep Cherokee, also scored four-stars with the testing agency saying it had “good but unexceptional performance across the board”, but said its score is a “huge improvement over its larger stablemate, the Wrangler, tested last year.”

The Jeep Cherokee and Peugeot 208 are the first vehicles to not score five-stars this year, Thatcham Research – a member of Euro NCAP – said.

Matthew Avery, director of research at Thatcham Research, said: “The Peugeot 208’s four-star rating is respectable, but the car is not a good choice if you’re carrying adults in the back, with its ‘Poor’ whiplash protection for rear passengers. Protecting both front and rear occupants is especially important as families continue to downsize from larger vehicles. The Jeep Cherokee is an improvement on last year’s one-star Wrangler. However, there’s still a long way to go before Jeep can get back to producing five-star cars like the 2017 Compass.”